30 More Fallacies by Michael LaBossiere

By Michael LaBossiere

30 Fallacies is a significant other publication for forty two Fallacies. forty two Fallacies isn't really, besides the fact that, required to exploit this ebook. It offers concise descriptions and examples of thirty universal casual fallacies.

Accent, Fallacy of
Accident, Fallacy of
Amphiboly, Fallacy of
Appeal to Envy
Appeal to team Identity
Appeal to Guilt
Appeal to Silence
Appeal to Vanity/Elitism
Argumentum advert Hitlerum
Complex Question
Confusing motives and Excuses
Cum Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc
Equivocation, Fallacy of
Fallacious Example
Fallacy Fallacy
Historian’s Fallacy
Illicit Conversion
Incomplete Evidence
Moving the objective Posts
Oversimplified Cause
Overconfident Inference from Unknown Statistics
Pathetic Fallacy
Positive advert Hominem
Proving X, Concluding Y
Psychologist's fallacy
Rationalization
Reification, Fallacy of
Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy
Victim Fallacy
Weak Analogy

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Example text

In some cases the error is obvious. For example, if someone said “Sally is standing on my right, I’m a moderate and people to the right of me are conservative, so Sally is a conservative”, then most people would not fall for this line of “reasoning” and would probably regard it as a lame joke. Other cases of equivocation, especially ones that occur with a more subtle equivocation, can be far more tempting. Equivocation, like amphiboly, is often used in humor. Such uses are not intended as serious arguments and would not (generally) count as fallacies.

2) Therefore claim C is false/wrong. ) accepted a claim (or acted in a certain way) does not show that the claim (or action) is wrong. Hitler certainly believed that 1+1=2 and if this “reasoning” was any good, it would have to be concluded that 1+1 does not equal 2, which is absurd. While this fallacy is already covered by guilt by association, the excess use of the argumentum ad Hitlerum on the internet, in politics and elsewhere warrants it receiving its own entry. ” Rachel: “Yes. ” Lee: “Yes.

While both of these are mistakes, they are two different types of mistakes. To see why, think about balancing a checkbook. I can make a mistake by doing the math incorrectly (which would be an error in reasoning) and I can make a mistake by entering the wrong amount for a check. These errors are different and treating them the same would cause confusion. The same applies for fallacies and factual errors. To use another analogy, think about cooking. One way I could screw up a meal is by cooking badly.

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