By Mamadou Dia
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Additional info for A governance approach to civil service reform in Sub-Saharan Africa, Volumes 23-225
In the same manner, attempts to be comprehensive (collecting many tasks under one managing unit) resulted in unfocused and incoherent activities (the Christmas tree approach) working sometimes at cross-purposes. On the other hand, some of these projects shied away from complications in order to keep project design simple and to keep it within the managerial constraints of the lending instruments at hand. One direct consequence has been the focus on input delivery and physical implementation to better conform to the Bank's and most other donors' project structure, emphasizing tangible investment and physical outputs rather than improvement of processes and building sustainable institutions and management capacity.
But on the qualitative size, both the fiscal and efficiency impacts were substantially less than expected. g. g. Ghana). TALs also generally showed only relative success in the delivery of technical inputs to solve short-term physical implementation and technical problems. However, the resulting over-reliance on substitute technical assistance (long-term expatriate advisors) was rather ineffective in building long-lasting and self-sustaining institutional capacity. The major cause of this failure is that the civil service reform programs and SALs as well as TALs have generally ignored the macro institutional/governance environment and its impact on civil service efficiency.
What works in the environment of developed countries cannot be literally transplanted into Sub-Saharan Africa. There is a need for a clearer understanding of the implications of different cultural and political systems for public administration. This, however, does not mean to say that outside experience is not relevant to Africa. It simply suggests the need to ensure that this experience is best adapted to the local/indigenous African environment by ensuring that the design and management of reforms are undertaken by nationals who are encouraged and assisted to fundamentally rethink the whole system.