By Jacob Neusner
Aphrahat (fl. ca. 300-350) used to be a member of a small group of Christians inside of a wide and flourishing Jewish zone. His paintings Demonstrations give you the earliest and the best debts of the Judaism being practiced there with little rabbinical impression. Neusner interprets these components of
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Extra info for Aphrahat and Judaism: The Christian-Jewish Argument in Fourth-Century Iran
A few eastern European Jews, like the central Europeans before them, tried to make a living by peddling.
People observed Jewish law in every part of their lives, and Jewish values underlay everything they did. They revered the rabbis and scholars who studied Jewish law. Those rabbis warned the Jews of eastern Europe against going to the United States. The rabbis feared that Jews who wished to observe their traditions would find life difficult in the United Most of the Jewish immigrants were young men and women who rightly believed that they had no future in Russia and other parts of eastern Europe.
But sometimes women made the important decisions, and many of them had their own businesses, independent of their husbands. Some Jewish women, often widows, ran boardinghouses for the peddlers and other single immigrant men who needed a place to stay. Other women operated their own stores in their own names. Sarah Goldwater, who lived in California’s Tuolumne County in the 1860s, did not want to be responsible for her husband’s debts, so she filed a statement with the courthouse, saying, “from and after this date I intend to carry on and transact in my own name and on my own account, the business of tailoring and merchandising.