By S-W. Breckle, W. Wucherer (auth.), Siegmar-W. Breckle, Walter Wucherer, Liliya A. Dimeyeva, Nathalia P. Ogar (eds.)
Having been the fourth greatest lake at the globe approximately 50 years in the past, this present day the Aral Sea not exists. Human actions prompted its desiccation and the formation of an important new wilderness, the Aralkum, which are considered as one of many maximum ecological catastrophes and - while - the biggest fundamental succession test of mankind.
This quantity brings jointly the result of overseas and interdisciplinary long term reports at the new desolate tract environment and is split into 4 major sections. the 1st part presents an outline of the actual features of the realm and covers geological, pedological, geomorphological and climatological elements and their dynamics, particularly dust-storm dynamics. the second one specializes in the biotic features and highlights the spatial and temporal styles of the wildlife. within the 3rd part stories and tasks aiming to wrestle desertification by way of phytomelioration and to improve thoughts for the conservation of biodiversity are awarded. The booklet is rounded off with a piece delivering a synthesis and conclusions.
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Extra resources for Aralkum - a Man-Made Desert: The Desiccated Floor of the Aral Sea (Central Asia)
7 Map of the Aralkum, indicating the old coastline (1960), the coast line from 1990 and the recent situation with the remnant isolated water bodies and indicating the adjacent desert regions north, now a separate water body, separated by an artificial dam, the South Aral Sea, with a deep western basin, which will be the main remnant water body in the future, and a shallow eastern basin, which has became a large salt swamp, and the small Tschebas basin in the northwest. The whole area of the desiccated seafloor is now a new desert, called the Aralkum (Fig.
8, kn. 3–4 (Russian) Berg LS (1908) The Aral Sea. An experience of physico-geographical monograph. Izv turkestanskogo Otd. 9. (Russian) Breckle S-W (2002) Walter’s vegetation of the earth: the ecological systems of the geo-biosphere. Springer, Heidelberg Breckle S-W, Wucherer W (2006) Combatting desertification in the Northern Aral Sea region. In: Gao J et al (eds) Restoration and stability of ecosystems in arid and semi-arid areas. Science Press, Beijing, pp 304–316 Breckle S-W, Agachanjanz OE, Wucherer W (1998) Der Aralsee: Geo€ okologische Probleme.
Izvestiya Turkestanskogo otdeleniya Imperatorskogo Russkogo Geograficheskogo obschestva, Sankt Peterburg, 5(9) (in Russian) Boomer I, Aladin N, Plotnikov I, Whatley R (2000) The palaeolimnology of the Aral Sea: a review. Quaternary Sci Rev 19:1259–1278 Boomer I, W€unnemann B, Mackay AW, Austin P, Sorrel P, Reinhardt C, Keyser D, Guichard F, Fontugne M (2009) Advances in understanding the late Holocene history of the Aral Sea region. Quaternary Int 194:79–90 Bortnik VN (1996) Changes in the water-level and hydrological balance of the Aral Sea.